Dynamic, static, isometric and ballistic are a few of many words used to describe different kinds of exercise. Remembering all these words is not important. Knowing a few simple rules for exercising is. These rules keep people on the right track for meeting their health and fitness goals.
Dynamic exercise activities keep joints and muscles moving. Examples are swimming, walking, cross country skiing, bicycling, weight training and house cleaning. Blood circulation, strength and endurance are improved by these continuous movements.
Static exercise, also known as isometrics, exerts muscles at high intensities without movement of the joints. Pushing on a heavy couch that does not move is an example of static exercise.
Static exercise improves strength, but it also drives up blood pressure in an instant. People with circulation problems and high blood pressure should avoid exerting pressure without muscle movement. If you perform static exercise, never hold your breath. This can drive blood pressure dangerously high.
Stretching exercises may be dynamic or static. How they are performed determines this. Static stretching is good for the body. It should not be painful. The stretch is held steady for 30 seconds. This is the safe way to stretch.
People who bounce during the stretch increase their risk for injury. This is called ballistic or dynamic stretching. Athletes often train this way to improve jumping or throwing skills.
Find out through a medical checkup what your activity and exercise restrictions are. People with circulatory problems should avoid activities that might drive up their blood pressure and heart rate too quickly.
Choose exercise activities that you enjoy and that are readily accessible. To learn more about exercise and fitness, visit your local bookstore or library, or call your local YMCA or YWCA. For more information about the exercise that’s right for you, contact Saint Vincent Sports Medicine at 814-835-2035.
Disclaimer: This content is reviewed periodically and is subject to change as new health information becomes available. The information provided is intended to be informative and educational and is not a replacement for professional medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a health care professional.